A child demonstrating learning or behavioural problems, little interest in school work or difficulties in reading, writing, grasping Maths concepts or under-achieving in school, may be experiencing weaknesses in his or her visual, auditory, sensory-motor, attention or social-emotional brain fitness. When these weaknesses become significant, the child may fall within the diagnostic criteria of having a learning difficulty or disability.
It is important to remember that many children who suffer from learning difficulties may have average or even above average intelligence! These children may sometimes be misunderstood as being “lazy” or “dumb” but this cannot be further from the truth! We now understand that learning difficulties or disabilities are a manifestation of abnormalities in the brain, resulting in problems with information processing. Some children may experience more than one type of learning difficulty. This is possible because more than one system in the brain may be affected.
Some common learning difficulties are
- Dyslexia – Difficulties with reading and comprehension
- Developmental coordination disorder/ Dyspraxia – Difficulties with motor planning or coordination
- Dysgraphia – Difficulties with handwriting
- Dyscalculia – Difficulties with learning Math
- Attention deficit (hyperactive) disorder (ADD/ADHD) – Difficulties with paying attention with or without hyperactivity and impulsivity
- Receptive and expressive language disorders
- Specific language impairment (SLI) – Difficulties in language mastery or communication
- Auditory processing disorder (APD) – Difficulties processing auditory information, or verbal information
- Non-Verbal Learning Disorder (NVLD) – Difficulties with visuo-spatial concepts and motor coordination
- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) – Difficulties with communication and social interactions.
- Asperger’s Syndrome – High functioning autism.
The table below describes the brain fitness system which may be weak in the presence of these learning difficulties. As you read and understand these relationships, always keep in mind that brain fitness can be strengthened so learning difficulties can be reduced and even overcome!
|Brain Fitness System||Significant weakness may be associated with the following learning difficulties:|
|Sensory-Motor Brain Fitness||• Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD)
• Oral Dyspraxia
• Verbal Dyspraxia
• Sensory-Integration Dysfunction (SID)
• Sensory Modulation Dysfunction (SMD)
|Visual Brain Fitness||• Non-verbal learning disorder (NVLD)
|Auditory Brain Fitness||• Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)
• Receptive Language Disorder
• Expressive Language Disorder
• Language delay
• Specific Language Impairment
• Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
|Attention Brain Fitness||• Attention Deficit Disorder
• Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
|Social-Emotional Brain Fitness||• Non-verbal Learning Disorder (NLD)
• Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
• Asperger’s Syndrome
Nine-year-old Nicole was often called “Sotong” in front of her class by her teacher and she has since become the butt of jokes among her classmates, with nicknames such as “blur queen”. Her mother, Yvonne became concerned and upset at the same time. This labeling upset and depressed Nicole. It broke Yvonne’s heart when Nicole insisted that she was “stupid”.Yvonne eventually got Nicole assessed and it was concluded that Nicole was definitely not “blur” and there was nothing wrong with her hearing or intelligence. She was found to have an Auditory Processing Disorder. Thus she often processed only part of what she heard and often misunderstood what was said.According to Yvonne, Nicole struggled to keep up in class. When the teacher gave an instruction, she always had to ask her classmates to repeat several times what had been said. Nicole had problems with comprehension exercises. “She was able to read entire passages out loud, pronouncing each word perfectly. Yet she wasn’t able to answer any of the questions correctly”, said Yvonne.Finally, after reading about BrainFit Studio’s programmes on the newspapers, Yvonne decided to try brain fitness training for Nicole. Yvonne began to see improvement in Nicole’s condition after several sessions of SMART Listening on Fast ForWord and SMART Moves. “She was able to express her feelings better than before and seemed to have matured. The teacher in school has also seen improvement in Nicole’s schoolwork. Now I don’t have to keep repeating my instructions to her and Nicole’s doesn’t feel she is “stupid” anymore. I am truly grateful for the help my daughter has received!”
* Names have been changed to ensure confidentiality.
About 15%-35% of students who attend BrainFit Studio present with a diagnosed learning difficulty.
Students with Diagnosed Learning Difficulty
- Singapore 25% 25%
- Malaysia 35% 35%
- Indonesia 30% 30%
- Thailand 33% 33%
- Philippines 15% 15%
The types of learning difficulties which are presented to us are
- Attention Deficit Disorder 4% 4%
- Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder 3% 3%
- Autism Spectrum Disorder 6% 6%
- Dyslexia 4% 4%
- Specific Language Impairment 1% 1%
- Others 5% 5%
Improvement in handwriting
Some students who present with learning difficulties may need one-to-one attention on our SMART programmes for greater individualized training. Again, the following “before” and “after” changes were seen without the students actually having practiced writing on these handwriting worksheets.
(1) 5-year-old student diagnosed with Global Developmental Delay (Singapore)
After 10 weeks of one-to-one training
(2) 13-year-old student diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Cerebral Palsy (Malaysia)
After 12 weeks of one-to-one training
Student is shower significantly improved visual perception in the areas of visual spatial planning and 3-dimensional visualization.
His general attention to visual information is much stronger.