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Crucial Pre-Academic Brain Skills to
Build in the First 6 Years

The first 6 years of life are marked by a period of remarkable brain growth. The average size of a child’s brain reaches about 90% of adult brain size before the age of five. These early years offer a tremendous opportunity for parents to shape and maximise brain development and lay down the best foundations for future success. 

BrainFit® Baby and BrainFit® Junior programmes are specially designed to develop the most important pre-academic cognitive brain skills during these early years. Here are a handful of other examples of these critical pre-academic skills which we aim to develop in your child.

Pre-Academic Skills to be developed between 0-3 years:

Cause & Effect Thinking

This ability underlies intelligence and critical thinking development as your child learns how certain actions lead to specific responses. From 9 months up, BrainFit® develops this skill through manipulation of specially-selected objects and toys that allow little ones to explore the relationships between actions and consequences.

Memory & Attention

BrainFit® develops memory and attention in a structured and expansive manner by exercising recall of information in 16 different modes of presentation, such as sequential memory, pattern memory and spatial memory.

Visual Perception

This include many important subskills like visual discrimination and visual closure. 

Visual Discrimination
By 18 months of age, your baby should be able to match the shadow of an image to the image itself. This skill is important for the accurate perception of visual lines and spatial details, required for effortless learning of alphabets and Math later in school.  

Visual Closure
By 18 months of age, your baby should also be able to match similar visual forms even though parts of the visual information is missing. Visual closure is an important skill that supports fast and fluent reading later on, allowing the eyes to quickly recognise each word without the need to fully process the whole word entirely. 

Auditory Perception

This include many important subskills like phonological awareness and language categories.  

Phonological Awareness
By 18 months of age, we start to sensitise your child’s auditory system to sounds that are located at different parts of a word. Research has shown that this awareness of sounds is one of the strongest predictors of reading success later in school.  

Language Categories
By the second year, you toddler should develop the ability to group items into discreet categories. This highly important “grouping” skill accelerates your child’s ability to learn and remember new ideas and concepts, since “grouping” of information expands working memory capacity and accelerates the grasping of new information.

Pre-Academic Skills to be developed between 3-6 years:

Emotional Cognition

These skills reflect one’s Executive Function – the ability to manage and regulate one’s emotions successfully. Through a comprehensive social-emotional development programme, BrainFit® teaches preschoolers about their emotions and how to regulate them. The result is a more confident, happy and resilient child. Here are some examples of the skills taught. 

Guided Mindfulness
Children participate in a series of guided mindfulness exercises that include Mindful Breathing, Mindful Body and Mindful Listening etc. Mindfulness exercises have been shown to help children develop better focus and self-regulation abilities.   

Comprehensive social-emotional curriculum
This includes explicit instruction of how emotions look like, feel like and sounds like, role plays of social situations to develop social skills, as well as learning about their brains to develop a growth mindset and resilience.

Language Cognition

These skills form the bedrock to the development of solid language, reading, comprehension and communication skills and include some of the following:

Rapid Auditory Processing
Using powerful programs validated by researchers from Stanford, Harvard and MIT, BrainFit® accelerates speed of auditory processing so that the brain is able to successfully process sounds as short as 15msec in duration. Research has shown that this skill is vital for strong reading and communication skills, as language is one of the fastest task our brain needs to process.

Metacognitive English Curriculum
Children develop phonological skills, learn about basic grammatical structures and comprehension strategies to help them acquire a strong foundation of the English language, enabling them to transit to formal schooling in P1 successfully.   

Math Cognition

These skills accelerate the brain’s ability to visualise spatial information, the cornerstone of early Math success and include some of the following:

Spatial Reasoning
Research has shown that spatial reasoning is a crucial skill to be developed in the early years for Math success. Our preschoolers receive spatial training through construction of 2D and 3D structures with increasing difficulty. They also participate in visual-spatial working memory and rapid spatial estimation exercises on our SMART Workout App to strengthen this important skill.      

Metacognitive Math Curriculum
This covers all aspects of basic Math foundations in the areas of Numeracy, Spatial Math, Measurements, Sequences and Statistics using a hands-on approach.